The Indian capital market comprises two primary segments: the primary market and the secondary market.
1. Primary Market:The primary market is where new securities are issued for the first time, allowing companies to raise capital directly from investors. This process is known as an Initial Public Offering (IPO).Indian Capital Market Companies go public to fund expansion, retire debt, or enable the exit of existing shareholders. Investors, in turn, get an opportunity to become part owners of these companies by purchasing their shares during the IPO. 2. Secondary Market:The secondary market, on the other hand, is where existing securities are bought and sold among investors without the involvement of the issuing company. The Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and the National Stock Exchange (NSE) are the two